The Hong Kong 'China' Overprints
British Offices In China 1917 - 1930

SWATOW

Swatow (now called Shantou) lies in coastal Eastern Guangdong. The original cancels described by Webb and then expanded upon by Hans Schoenfeld have since been researched by members of the Hong Kong Study Circle. There were two Post Offices in Swatow and, as reported by Dr. A. M. T. Cheung in the HKSC Journal 297/13 "The original Packet Agency was established in 1860 at the British Consulate sited on the Kakchich bank of the Han river. Separated by the one-mile wide river lay the main trading area of Swatow where the sub-agency was established in 1863." Dr. Cheung has established that there were 4 subtypes of the Registration handstamp, 3 of which were in use during the period of the 'China' overprints. He has also broken out the Type I cds into two distinct subtypes, the Type Ii, which has sidebands that are shorter than the Type Iii.

As with other of the Agencies, Swatow is tricky in that many varieties of the cancels have only been discovered and reported over the last few years. Consequently, EKU and LKU information has been gleaned only from examples that can be examined to sub-categorize them. Much of this information will be superceded and I would ask that anyone with further information to send high resolution scans so that this can be updated.

Image
Cancel
EKU on Adhesive
LKU on Adhesive
EKU on Cover
LKU on Cover
Cover Census

Fi 22.5 mm Single Circle Index C 6.5mm from top
Day before Month

24 Feb 1917
HKSC Jean Paul Beck

25 Aug 1918
Proud

26 Nov 1917

26 Nov 1917

23 Jul 1917 $0.16 USA
26 Nov 1917 $0.10 USA

 

Fi 22.5 mm Single Circle Index C 6.5mm from top
Month before Day

Jun 9 1917
HKSC Jean Paul Beck

 

 

 

 

 

Fi 22.5 mm Single Circle Index D 6.5mm from top
Day before Month

21 Dec 1920
HKSC K.W.Lau

 

 

 

 

 

Fi 22.5 mm Single Circle Index D 6.5mm from top
Month before Day

Oct 12 1920
HKSC K.W.Lau

 

 

 

Dec 7 1921    
  Fi 22.5 mm Single Circle Index E 6.5mm from top
Day before Month
         

 

Fi 22.5 mm Single Circle Index E 6.5mm from top
Month before Day

Oct 12 1920
HKSC K.W.Lau

 

 

 

 

Gi 22.5 mm Single Circle Index C 5.5 mm from top

 

22 Feb 1917
Schoenfeld

 

 

 

Giii 22.5 mm Single Circle Index A 5.5 mm

 

2 Aug 1922
Schoenfeld

 

 

 

Hii 25 mm Single Circle Index B
DD/MM

Cover

12 Nov 1919 HKSC 265/5

 

 

21 Sep 1917    
28 Nov 1917    
7 Sep 1918 $0.01 USA
1 Oct 1919    

Hiii 25 mm Single Circle Index C
DD/MM

6 Jul 1918

3 Jan 1921 (4c)

28 Feb 1919

 

23 Jul 1917 $0.16 USA
28 Feb 1919    
9 Mar 1920 $0.06 GB
23 Jun 1920 $0.22 Canada
  Hiii 25 mm Single Circle Index C
MM/DD
       
18 Jan 1919    
6 Apr 1920    
     
  I 26 mm Double Circle Index Unknown        
16 ?Y 1921 $0.02 Germany

I 26 mm Double Circle Index A
Month before Day

Feb 1 1917
HKSC K. W. Lau

 

 

 

Feb 14 1919 $0.10 USA
Apr 3 1919    
Apr 22 1922    
I 26 mm Double Circle Index B
Day before Month
3 Jun 1918
HKSC K. W. Lau
     
6 Oct 1919    
31 Jul 1920    

 

I 26 mm Double Circle Index B
Month before Day

Feb 14 1918
HKSC 265/5 ??

 

 

 

 
  I 26 mm Double Circle Index –B-
Day before Month
Aug 1 1917??
Proud
     
25 Mar 1919    
14 Oct 1921    
23 Dec 1921    
11 Feb 1922    
14 Jul 1922 $0.26 GB
1 Sep 1922 $0.30 GB
25 Oct 1922    

I 26 mm Double Circle Index –B-
Month before Day

 

Mar 29 1921
HKSC K. W. Lau

 

 

 
I 26 mm Double Circle Index C
Day before Month
  23 Nov 1921
HKSC K. W. Lau
 
3 Feb 1921    
Oct 15 1921    
24 Nov 1922    

 

I 26 mm Double Circle Index C
Month before Day

Jan 15 1921 HKSC Jean Paul Beck

 

 

 

 
I 26 mm Double Circle Index D
Day before Month
  3 May 1921
HKSC K. W. Lau
     

 

I 26 mm Double Circle Index D
Month before Day

Mar 19 1921 HKSC

?P 4 1922
HKSC Jean Paul Beck

 

 

 
I 26 mm Double Circle Index –D-
Day before Month
  9 Jun 1922
HKSC K. W. Lau
23 Nov 1922?
   
10 Jan 1922    
8 Feb 1922    
15 Jul 1922    

 

I 26 mm Double Circle Index –D-
Month before Day

Sep 4 1922

 

 

 

22 May 1922    

I 26 mm Double Circle Index D Reversed
Day before Month
10 May 1921
HKSCJ 265/5
18 May 1921
HKSC K. W. Lau
     

 

I 26 mm Double Circle Index D Reversed
Month before Day

May 18 1921 HKSC

May 18 1921 HKSC

 

 

 

I 26 mm Double Circle Index Timestamp

21 Nov 1918
HKSC K. W. Lau

Aug 7 1922
HKSC Jean Paul Beck

 

 

 

I 26 mm Double Circle No Index
Month before Day

7 Jul 1922
HKSC K. W. Lau

Oct 20 1922
HKSC Jean Paul Beck

 

 

May 22 1922    

Box Riv No Black Type 2 Cross of R slopes up to left

N/A

N/A

 

 

7 May 1918
(HKSC 297/13)
Oct 22 1918
(HKSC 297/13)
15 Oct 1921

Box Riv No Black Type 3 Cross of R level

 

 

 

 

21 Sep 1917
22 Mar 1918
(HKSC 297/13)
10 May 1918
(HKSC 297/13)
25 Mar 1919
1 Oct 1919
31 Jul 1920
14 Oct 1921
23 Dec 1921
10 Jan 1922
8 Feb 1922
Apr 18 1922
(HKSC 297/13)
22 May 1922
14 Jul 1922
1 Sep 1922

Box Riv No Black Type 4 Cross of R slopes down to left

 

 

 

 

3 Feb 1921
(HKSC 297/13)

AR Handstamp

 

 

 

 

25 Mar 1919
1 Sep 1922

Notes

Type F Cancel - Webb recorded the Type F with Index letters A, B and C. HKSC Journal HKPS2001/03 reported that Mr. K. W. Lau discovered Index D with both Day before Month and Month before Day subtypes and Dr. Schoenfeld added Index E.

Type Hiii Cancel - "Webb records this cancel used up to 24 October 1922, but there is no other evidence for its use beyond mid-1920. It is possible that this late date was produced by favour." M Goldsmith, HKSCJ 265/5

Type I Cancel - "Until July 1921, index letters without sidebars were used. These are often found misplaced to the left or right. It would seem that this cancel was manufactured with a large recess for the index, probably to incorporate a time index. When a single index letter was used, this would obviously tend to move about unless packed with blank slugs. After July 1921 sidebars were used with the index letter to provide better centering." M Goldsmith, HKSCJ 265/5

Type I Cancel Short and Long Side Bars - Dr. A. M. T. Cheung, in HKSCJ 297/13 disclosed the existence of two types of sidebars, a shorter and longer version.

Type I Cancel Index A - "Index A strikes were probably used by the Agent to cover for emergencies and/or days off at either office." M Goldsmith, HKSCJ 265/5

Type I Cancel Time, Index D and Index D reversed (and presumably -D-) - "The significance.....would be to tell Hong Kong that an unqualified clerk was being used, and that his final status was below that of an index C clerk, hence to keep an eye on his work" M Goldsmith, HKSCJ 265/5